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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl5405\margr1233\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn5405\margrsxn1233\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat1\ql\li0\fi2837\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f2\fs20\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1084 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw-6\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 24{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\charscalex100\expndtw2 AUTHORS: EXTENT AND ORIGIN}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 the Indus people, like the ancient Greeks, possessed \expndtw3 artistic skill of a high order, and could delineate with vigour and effect.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li22\fi0\ri0\sb166\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Who were the Authors?}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li4\fi479\ri4\sb112\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The skeletal remains as well as the sculptured \expndtw3 heads\super 1\nosupersub  indicate that the population at Harappa and \expndtw4 Mohenjo-daro was of a cosmopolitan character, con\-\expndtw2 sisting at least of four distinct ethnic types, viz., Proto-\expndtw3 Australoid, Mediterranean, the Alpine and the Mongo\-\expndtw14 lian branch. Which of these races was the prime \expndtw6 author of the Indus valley civilisation ? Diverse ans\-wers have been given to this query. It has been sug\-\expndtw2 gested that they were the pre-vedic peoples (probably Dravidian), whose culture the Aryans destroyed. Some \expndtw3 look upon the latter as the authors of this civilisation, \expndtw7 pushing thereby the date of their (Aryan) domination \expndtw6 in India considerably back. Others regard the Indus people as the kith and kin of the Sumerians or some \expndtw1 allied race, and the common features between the civi\-\expndtw2 lisations of Sumer, Elam, and the Indus valley, despite \expndtw5 their individual characteristics, no doubt, lend support \expndtw6 to this view. Cultural evidences and arguments based \expndtw0 on physical types are, however, shaky; and we cannot, \expndtw2 therefore, be dogmatic over this problem until more \expndtw4 conclusive clues are forthcoming.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb223\sa0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 Extent and Origin}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi436\ri50\sb173\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Besides Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, archaeolo\-\expndtw13 gical explorations reveal that there were a number \expndtw8 of other sites in lower and upper Sind (e.g. Jhukhar-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi360\ri36\sb241\sa0\sl-202\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex94\expndtw7\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub  But this evidence must be used with caution. For, as has \expndtw4 been well pointed oxit, artists were by no means anthropologists; and the number of skulls discovered is too small to allow of any \expndtw-1 "safe generalisations" regarding the existence of several racial \charscalex87\expndtw2 types \i (Hindu Civilisation^ \i0 p. 28).}\par }